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Status

This document includes final release notes for the UMA V1.0.1 Recommendations and draft release notes for the UMA V2.0 Draft Recommendations.all versions of UMA.

Editor
  • Eve Maler
Intellectual Property Notice

The User-Managed Access Work Group operates under Kantara IPR Policy - Option Patent & Copyright: Reciprocal Royalty Free with Opt-Out to Reasonable And Non discriminatory (RAND) (HTML version) and the publication of this document is governed by the policies outlined in this option.

The content of this document is copyright of Kantara Initiative. © 2018 Kantara Initiative

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Table of Contents 

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NOTE: Reading the release note notes is not a substitute for reading the specifications carefully. In each specification release, much work is typically done to improve clarity and applicability for implementers and others. See the UMA Implementer's Guide for additional commentary.

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Where a change relates to a GitHub issue, the linked issue number is provided.

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From UMA1 to UMA V2.0

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The UMA V2.0 specifications (GrantFedAuthz – currently these links go to revisions 09) (tbs: link to final specs, and to final spec sections throughout) are in Draft Recommendation form. This section will be completed, and updated as required, as the specifications progress to Recommendation status. Recommendations are User-Managed Access (UMA) 2.0 Grant for OAuth 2.0 Authorization (known as "Grant") and Federated Authorization for User-Managed Access (UMA) 2.0 (known as "FedAuthz"). The official versions are downloadable from the Kantara Reports & Recommendations page; this document links to specific sections within the HTML versions.

Differences and changes noted are between V2.0 and V1.0.n generally; note that internal revision differences between UMA2 revisions are not tracked here. (You may find it helpful to refer to the Disposition of Comments document, a record of specification changes during the Public Comment periods late in their final review cycle, and the GitHub repository where the specifications are managed.) Where the distinction between V1.0 and V1.0.1 is important, it will be noted; otherwise the label "UMA1" is used.

The following sequence diagrams may be of assistance as brief summaries of changes made:

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The major themes of this version, as determined by the Work Group's 2016 roadmap planning process, were (along with constantly improving security) to:

  • Increase OAuth 2.0 alignment
  • Improve Internet of Things readiness
  • Improve readiness for "wide ecosystems", where the requesting party and the resource owner's AS have no pre-established relationship

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The two specifications were divided differently until late April 2017. Core and RSR were recombined into Grant and Grant and FedAuthz, as follows:

  • All communications of the client and requesting party with the AS appear in Grant. This specification formally defines an extension OAuth grant.
  • All communications of the resource owner and resource server with the AS appear in FedAuthz. This includes:
    • Policy setting (outside the scope of UMA)
    • PAT definition and issuance
    • Protection API
      • Resource registration (previously, RSR specified only this endpoint/API and Core specified everything else)
      • The RS's permission requests at the AS
      • The RS's token introspection at the AS
  • The formal profiles for API extensibility URIs https://docs.kantarainitiative.org/uma/profiles/prot-ext-1.0https://docs.kantarainitiative.org/uma/profiles/authz-ext-1.0, and https://docs.kantarainitiative.org/uma/profiles/rsrc-ext-1.0 were removed and replaced with recommendations (Grant Sec 4 and FedAuthz Sec 1.3) to define profiles as needed and to use uma_profiles_supported metadata (Grant Sec 2) to declare them.

It is now optional to implement the features appearing in FedAuthz; thus, this specification effectively defines a conformance level. (Note: To receive the full benefits of "user-managed access", it is best to implement and use the features of both specifications.)

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UMA1's endpoint and feature discovery mechanism was defined in total by its Core specification. UMA2 makes use of the OAuth Authorization Server Discovery mechanism instead (still in Internet-Draft form at the time of UMA2 publication), eliminating metadata fields already defined by the OAuth discovery or OpenID Connect specification. The Grant (Sec 2) and FedAuthz (Sec 2) specifications each define only the metadata fields they require. (59, 157, 159, 305)

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The new metadata field claims_redirect_uris enables the client to pre-register claims redirection URIs. (Grant Sec 2, Sec 3.3.2, Sec 7.3) (337 sub-issues c and d)

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Previously, it was intended to make an IANA registration request of the claims inside the introspection object as independent JWT claims. This would enable them to be formally used in RPTs, such that an RS can validate the access token locally with these claims packed inside it. Because of potential security and privacy considerations, it was determined not to define this token format for now. (FedAuthz Sec 9) (334)

Changes to AS-Client, RS-Client, and AS-Requesting Party Interfaces (Now UMA Grant Specification)

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After the AS initially generates the permission ticket and the RS conveys it to the client, whenever the client subsequently approaches the AS token endpoint or redirects the requesting party to the AS claims gathering endpoint, the AS is required to rotate the value of the permission ticket every time it hands a permission ticket value back to the client (Grant Sec 3.3.3, Sec 3.3.6). This action obsoletes the need for the UMA Claims-Gathering Extension for Enhanced Security specification (see this explanation of that specification for more information).

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The specialized RPT endpoint was removed in favor of using the standard OAuth token endpoint (Grant Sec 3.3.1). A formal extension OAuth grant was defined (same section), working with regular OAuth capabilities and OAuth error codes to the extent possible (Sec 3.3.6). This enabled reuse of large portions of the threat model and the client type model, along with the ability for the client to request scopes and to authenticate using its own client credentials at the token endpoint (see the next section for additional discussion). (153, 165)

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An end-user requesting party no longer needs to mediate issuance of an AAT at the AS, and the client no longer needs to use an AAT in order to request a token; it simply uses its own client credentials at the OAuth token endpoint as in a normal grant (see Token Endpoint Replaces RPT Endpoint and Client-Side Communications Defined as Grant). Thus, the first time the requesting party needs to interact with the AS, if at all, is to provide claims interactively when redirected by the client as part of claims collection. This is in contrast to UMA1, where an end-user requesting party would have been expected to engage in an interactive OAuth flow to log in and then authorize AAT issuance at the AS's authorization endpoint. In UMA1, the (required) AAT could have been used by the AS as a reminder of claims about the current requesting party. In UMA2, the (optional) PCT is available to serve in this capacity instead, without the OAuth mechanism being involved (Grant Sec 3.3.1). Note that UMA2 does not require the AS to involve the requesting party in an interactive flow authorizing PCT issuance (Grant Sec 3.3.3). (154, 264)

Deprecated Response-Body Permission Ticket Return Option By RS Removed

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In UMA V1.0.1 the AS was able to return the permission ticket to the client along with the redirect_user hint, but the client was not supposed to depend on ticket accuracy, and the supply of this ticket was deprecated. Now all permission tickets directly supplied by the AS are rotated and the value is safe for the client to depend on (Grant Sec 3.3.6). (233)

More Discretionary Permission Requests

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The JSON nested object structure of the need_info error response from the AS has been flattened. Now it directly contains a permission ticket and either a required_claims or a redirect_user hint (or both) (Grant Sec 3.3.6). (237, 308)

not_authorized Error Renamed to request_denied

The UMA1 error not_authorized has been renamed to request_denied. Note that this error was re-added only in a later revision of UMA2. See the UMA Implementer's Guide section called Understanding Authorization Server Response Options From the Token Endpoint to understand AS error semantics. (Grant Sec 3.3.6) (340)

Added interval parameter to request_submitted Error

An optional interval parameter was added to the request_submitted error to enable the AS to inform the client about appropriate polling intervals. (Grant Sec 3.3.6) (341)

New Refresh Token Clarity

It has been clarified that the AS can issue a refresh token and the client can use the refresh token grant to attempt to get a new RPT with it (Grant Sec 3.3.5, Sec 3.6). (238, 284)

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Authorization Assessment Gains Precision

Inputs to authorization assessment and results calculation are more normative and precise. It is also now possible for permissions with zero scopes to be granted (Grant Sec 3.3.4). (266, 310, 317)

Permission Ticket Ecosystem Rationalized

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UMA2 includes more comprehensive and normative logic around RPT upgrading (Grant Sec 3.3.5, Sec 3.3.5.1). (281)

Token Revocation Clarifications

UMA2 includes more comprehensive and normative text around token revocation, and defines a token type hint for PCTs (Grant Sec 3.7). (295)

Refresh Token Grant and Downscoping Logic Clarifications

UMA2 ensures that the logic of downscoping during token refreshing is properly defined given that UMA scopes are bound to resources, and clarifies that the AS does not perform authorization assessment in this context (Grant Sec 3.6). (306)

Changes to AS-RS Interface/Protection API (Now Federated Authorization Specification)

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The API available at the resource registration endpoint required the path to contain the string resource_set. This string has ben removed (FedAuthz Sec 3.2). (155)

Scope Description Documents No Longer Expected to Resolve at Run Time When Scopes Are URLs

The AS is no longer expected to resolve scope description details at resource registration time or at any other run-time requirement (FedAuthz Sec 3.1.1). (269)

Resource Descriptions Lose uri Parameter

The uri parameter in the resource description was removed due to potential security and privacy concerns. (FedAuthz Sec 3.1) (270)

Resource and Scope Description Documents Gain Description Parameters

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The scopes parameter in the resource description document has been renamed to resource_scopes (FedAuthz Sec 3.1). (318)

New HTTP 400 and invalid_request Error

For a typical variety of malformed-request errors, a response of an HTTP 400 (Bad Request) status code and an optional invalid_request error code is now defined. (FedAuthz Sec 3.2) (354-1)

Permission Endpoint

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It is now possible for the RS to request multiple permissions on the client's behalf, not just one; this enables the RS to request "packages" of multiple resources that are likely to need to be accessed together. It is also possible for the RS to supply zero scopes on a requested permission (FedAuthz Sec 4.1); this is because the client can request its own scopes directly from the AS (for more discussion see Token Endpoint Replaces RPT Endpoint; Client-Side Communications Defined as Extension Grant). (317)

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The scopes parameter in the token introspection response object has been renamed to resource_scopes (FedAuthz Sec 5.1.1). (158)

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Options Not to Use Token Introspection Explicitly Allowed

In UMA2, the RPT is explicitly a type of OAuth access token, and it has been clarified that the token can be self-contained and valided locally by the RS, or introspected at the AS at run time, or its cached value used as appropriate (FedAuthz Sec 5). (261)

permissions Claim in Token Introspection Object Must Be Used

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  • We decided not to progress this specification in its current form, so we will let it expire and will not reference it from Core.


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Change History

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