Decoding ISO definitions is both an art and science.
ISO definitions use the 'replacement rule' approach - this means that wherever a defined term appears in text, the reader can directly substitute the definition and the resulting text shall make sense.
Or, in ISO Directives-speak: "The definition shall be written in such a form that it can replace the term in its context."
So, when you read the following description of Identity Assurance, these defined terms come into play:
SC 27/WG 5 describes Identity Assurance as:
identity assurance is the term used to describe an assured process where:
An identity is established through verification of a set of identity attributes using acceptable evidence or validated systemically against an authoritative data source; then
This identity is bound to the entity.
The outcome of the process is one or more assured identifiers that can be used as the basis for authentication.
The process and the organization operating the process are assured in accordance with a defined policy that includes:
- A governance body or authority;
- A policy specification that is systemized in a process;
- One or more organizations that operate the process;
- The detection of policy violations, anomalies and indicators of compromise, and actions to address them;
- One or more organizations that assure and enforce the process and the processing organizations.
Definitions from ISO 27460-1 - A framework for identity management - Part 1: Terminology and concepts
|identity assurance||level of assurance in the result of identification|
NOTE Identity assurance expresses the level of confidence in provenance, integrity and applicability of identity information including confidence in identity information maintenance.
|identification||process of recognizing an entity in a particular domain as distinct from other entities|
|identity||set of attributes related to an entity|
|verification||process to determine that presented identity information associated with a particular entity is applicable for the entity to be recognized in a particular domain at some point in time|
|attribute||characteristic or property of an entity that can be used to describe its state, appearance, or other aspects|
|identity information||set of values of attributes optionally with any associated metadata in an identity|
|identity evidence||identity information for an entity required for authentication of that entity|
|authenticated identity||identity information for an entity created to record the result of authentication|
|entity||item inside or outside an information and communication technology system, such as a person, an organization, a device, a subsystem, or a group of such items that has recognizably distinct existence|
|identifier||identity information that unambiguously distinguishes one entity from another one in a given domain|
|authentication||formalized process of verification that, if successful, results in an authenticated identity for an entity|
|enrolment||process to make an entity known within a particular domain|
NOTE 1 Enrolment leads to identity registration. Identity proofing is typically performed to establish the identity information to be registered for a particular entity.
identity proofing or
initial entity authentication
|particular form of authentication based on identity evidence that is performed as the condition for enrolment|
|domain||environment where an entity can use a set of attributes for identification and other purposes|
|identity information authority||entity related to a particular domain that can make provable statements on the validity and/or correctness of one or more attribute values in an identity|
|identity information provider||entity that makes available identity information|
|identity registration||process of recording an entity’s identity information in an identity register|